In recent years, advancements in mountaineering technology have made crampons increasingly specialized. Any properly fitting crampons will make traversing snow and ice easier, but choosing the right tool for the right adventure can make a world of difference in efficiency and safety.
For general snow walking, select either aluminum or steel crampons with flexible construction, such as spring center bars. Strap-on designs are more convenient for walkers, and most people prefer crampons with only eight or 10 points for this type of activity.
Those who enjoy mountaineering, whether general or technical, should choose semi-rigid steel crampons. Any type of binding is acceptable for mountaineering. As a general rule, the steeper the climb, the more points your crampons should have.
Skilled mountaineers who take on waterfall ice climbing and similarly advanced activities require the best crampons. Their equipment should be made from steel, have a modular vertical frontpoint, and be semi-rigid. It is advisable to avoid crampons with strap-on bindings and ones that have fewer than 14 points.